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Paquime

Archaeological Paquimé Zone in Chihuahua, is one of the most important northern Mexico, its earthen architecture is characteristic of the culture chichimeca. The term Paquimé, which in Nahuatl means "big houses", and refers to both the city and its cultural area,includes paintings of Samalayuca area, representing the first images of American thought, the valley occupied by the archaeological and cave houses in the

mountains.Located in a archeology place called "Arid America", a region that for the sixteenth century was inhabited by "barbarians"-nomadic hunter-gatherer, called derisively " chichimeca ".

This boundary corresponds to two different habitat types on the north are wide as are the arid Sonoran Desert, the Chihuahuan Desert, and the coastal area of Tamaulipas, with dry climates, vegetation, steppe, saline soils and eroded . Paquime culture is classified within the group of Mogollon cultures, depending on whether you use U.S. or Mexican sources, is part of the cultures of south and north.

Paquimé amalgamated in everyday life elements of the cultures of the north as the Hohokam, Anasazi and Mogollon's, among these outstanding characteristics of earthen architecture, the paddle-shaped doors,the cult of birds, and among others elements of Southern culture, like the ball game.

The ball games, placed strategically in the north and south of Paquimé, which correspond to a later stage of its development after 1200, d. C., are architectural renderings of a possible internal conflict. This suggests that those who built the ball game, wanted to enhance their practice in Paquimé. These groups linked to ancestor worship and the scarlet eagle, while animals that were symbols of lineages, clans, forced after a while to realize this "new" practice that involved, among other things, the sacrifice for the renewal of the vital cycle.

With the ball game ideas of life and death, underworld of death and representatives of the heavenly bodies, alluding to the life, deeply impacted their collective thinking.

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