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One of the most important cultures that developed in the south of Mexico, known as the Yucatan territory now comprised of five southeastern states of Mexico that are, Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco and Yucatan were the Mayans, who also settled in Central America, in the current territories of Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador.

The Mayans were large and impressive buildings from the Middle Preclassic and cities as: Xlapak, Uxmal, Tulum, Sayil, Palenque, Mayapan, Labna Kinichkakmoo, Kabah, King, Ek Balam, Coba, Chichen Itza, Yaxchilan, Calakmul, among others, and in Central America: Nakbé, El Mirador, San Bartolo, Cival , located in the Mirador Basin, Petén in the north, and during the Classic, the well-known cities of Tikal, Quirigua, Copan, Rio Azul and Ceibal Cancuén, Machaquilá, Dos Pilas, Uaxactun, Altun Ha, Piedras Negras and many other places in the area. The most notable monuments are the pyramids they built in their religious centers, together with the palaces of their rulers and palaces, places of government and residence of the nobles. The Mayan pottery is ranked as the most varied and elaborate fine ancient world.

The Ball Game in Mayan culture takes its peak, witnessed by the ball court at Chichen Itza, 180 m long by 40 wide One of the largest known.

The ball game was characterized as more than a diversion. His practice was intimately connected with the beliefs, the same people who keep the few Mexicans who still play some of its variants. For the Mayans, these playing fields were not only a symbolic construction. They really could beat to death. His practice was closely related to cosmogonic and cosmological beliefs. To understand the significance of the game in Classic Maya society, we must refer to the stories of the Popol Vuh. This tells of two brothers, Jun Hunahpu and Hunahpu Wuqub who played ball in front of the entrance to the underworld. The lords of the deep challenged them to come down to play his kingdom, where they murdered the two brothers. But the head of Hunahpu June, hanging from a tree, achieved with a drop of saliva and miraculously, giving birth to a girl child of the underworld. The pregnant girl to be known abroad fled, fearing the wrath of the evil gods. There she gave birth to twins Hunahpu and Xbalanke that father continued the tradition of the ball game.

It was they who, after many tests, they managed to defeat the lords of the underworld, after which he ascended to heaven and became the Sun and the Luna. The scenes of this story can be seen in the reliefs of the ball court at Chichen Itza. The importance of this narrative is that the playing fields were arranged in a way that represented the entrance to the underworld, to revive the myth. Era stage accounting for home power kings matched to gods. The sovereign then descended to the underworld and conquered death, coping with the evil gods


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