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Totonaca

TOTONACA

Totonac culture flourished mainly in the areas of Hidalgo, Puebla and Veracruz, the latter being the place gives largest settlement, where they had as its main hub, the city of El Tajin. Taking other heads as Papantla and Cempoala, where they built ceremonial centers as Yohualichan, Nopiloa, Nepatecuhtlán the Zapotal, and Higuerillas. ...

Totonac culture flourished mainly in the areas of Hidalgo, Puebla and Veracruz, the latter being the place gives largest settlement, where they had as its main hub, the city of El Tajin. Taking other heads as Papantla and Cempoala, where they built ceremonial centers as Yohualichan, Nopiloa, Nepatecuhtlán the Zapotal, and Higuerillas.

In the sixteenth century suffered the domination of the Mexica (Aztecs), who called the region "Totonacapan." The Totonac village is famous for being an ally to the cause of Hernán Cortés in the time of the conquest, and that what they wanted was free of the Mexica empire at that time controlled the whole of Mesoamerica.

In 1519, in Cempoala, met about 30 Totonac towns where it was decided to ally with the Spanish and Tlaxcala in the conquest of the city of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, sealing the fate of so ancient Mexico.

In El Tajin has discovered eleven games of ball. The number of fields so plentiful, the importance of its sculptural decoration and the complex ax-palm-yoke associated with it and distributed widely in Mesoamerica during the Late Classic, has suggested to investigators that El Tajin practice raised the ball game a state cult, introducing artistic paraphernalia and symbolism of the Mesoamerican elites involved, mainly as a distinguished lineage activity of a city that controls the main region of the rubber extractor

The reliefs that decorate the South Ball Court, representing the sun god, who, after descending to the underworld, fight with the forces of the night and rises as the god of corn, sponsoring fertility and life. The scenes of the South Ball Court highlight the transfiguration of certain officers, who are winners in the game, with characteristic features of the solar deity, while another contingent, the loser, he allied with the forces of the night, and ends being sacrificed by decapitation. It is the eternal struggle between life and death, the identification of solar deities with life and fertility and, above all, with a high probability of the political use of the game of theirrulers.

 

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